The menopause , the stage where the woman stops menstruating, usually happens between 45 and 55 years old. It represents the end of the woman’s reproductive life. Menopause can change a woman’s life, physically and emotionally.
During menopause, a series of hormonal changes occur. The estrogen levels are reduced. Among other things, this hormone has the role of boosting the production of collagen and elastin, important for the beauty of the skin. The skin is drier, with visible collagen reduction and more flabby. Wrinkles and expression lines are more evident. And if the skin changes, the care routine has to change too.
Why does the skin age more during menopause?
Skin aging becomes visible with the arrival of menopause due to low levels of DHEA – known as the youth hormone. During this period, collagen production decreases and there is a progressive reduction in hyaluronic acid and other components that help to fill the skin, increasing sagging and wrinkles.
Although it is common for the skin to become drier at menopause, there is a possibility that women have a more oily area. With the fall of estrogen, there is an accentuation of another hormone that does not fall at the same speed: testosterone, which can lead to increased hair, oiliness and acne.
During menopause, the skin may undergo some changes such as:
- Loss of elasticity
- It gets thinner
- With spots
- Very dry or oily
What are the first signs that the skin requires different care?
Estrogen is the main hormone responsible for female characteristics. With its low, the skin becomes more dry and appear by the masculinizing in the region of the fluff, chin and jaw. In addition, a very common symptom in women, after menopause, is hair loss , the strands become thinner, opaque and brittle.
Take care when cleaning the skin : Be careful not to make the dryness worse with soaps. Look for the lightest and most suitable for dry skin (they usually make very little foam), preferably suitable for the face. Stay away from those anti-greasiness, which will dry out too much. To complement the cleansing use a moisturizing facial tonic .
Makeup : Never go to sleep with makeup on. During the hours of sleep, our skin takes the opportunity to regenerate and oxygenate. That is why it is important to follow the following three steps: cleansing, toning and nutrition.
Skin hydration : The skin is drier, because the sebaceous glands are less active. That is why it is important to moisturize your skin much more than when you are younger. The fine lines, especially, are much more evident if the skin is dehydrated. Instead of using serums , switch to more emollient creams. Even vegetable oils can be used for hydration. Some examples: coconut oil, argan and rosehip .
Beware of the eye area and the neck : The eye area is naturally drier, so it requires more attention. For this area, it is worth looking for a thicker cream. Many people use the best creams on the face and forget about the neck , which ends up getting much more careless and with more wrinkles.
Use sunscreen : Although many of our stains and wrinkles are caused by exposure to the sun at 20, 30 years of age, we cannot neglect sun protection . Especially because the natural protection of the skin also decreases with age. Do not leave home without applying SPF 30 or higher, just after applying moisturizer.
Include face masks : Face masks are excellent for treating the skin. The clays are rich in minerals that act in the formation of collagen, improving skin elasticity and helping to alleviate dark circles. Because it is gentle, it can be used on delicate skins. The frequent application of the clay facial mask reduces skin blemishes, leaving it uniform and with more vitality. The most suitable for mature skin are red , pink and white clay .
Bet on the best assets to compose your treatment cream. The most efficient for this phase are: Creams based on vitamin C , hyaluronic acid (hydration), retinol and Retinoic acid (skin renewal and combats photo-aging), resveratrol, pro-xylane, acids such as LHA, derived from salicylic acid, AHA, glycolic and citric acid complex and anisic acid.
These assets help to lessen the effects caused by menopause. They improve texture, luminosity and reinforce the protection barrier against irritations and infections.
Aesthetic procedures to ease skin discomfort during menopause
- Botulinum toxin ( Botox ): to reduce dynamic wrinkles;
- Filling with hyaluronic acid: restores support to the face and minimizes ridges, dark circles and loss of contour;
- Collagen stimulators: improves sagging skin;
- Laser and pulsed light: improve texture, appearance of vessels, stains and stimulate collagen;
- Radiofrequency and microfocused ultrasound: can act on sagging.
Food also needs to change
Bet on mineral-rich ingredients like: calcium, selenium , magnesium and zinc , vitamins like Vitamin C and D, anti-inflammatory foods ( turmeric and resveratrol ), antioxidants ( Berries and cocoa ) and increase your water consumption to improve skin texture and appearance. Don’t forget the good fats like butter , coconut , olive oil and avocado , in addition to a good dose of omega 3 .
This is also the time to end certain bad habits, such as excessive consumption of alcoholic drinks, soft drinks, salt, sugars and fat, which cause several harms to the body – from bloating, weight gain, and diabetes, in addition to the increase in triglycerides in the body.
The physical activity keeps the body oxygenated, improves blood circulation and cleans the pores. It helps to counteract the effects of the much feared osteoporosis. Taking a walk in nature still helps to promote more well-being for the body.
A good night’s sleep helps keep your skin beautiful and healthy. Growth hormones (GH), synthesized during sleep, renew dead body cells and help the skin in the rejuvenation system.
Restful sleep can provide some benefits and improve the skin. It is during the night that the cells renew themselves, rest, organize their functions, repair and rebalance the damage of the day, such as the effects of the sun, wind and pollution. Another hormone produced at night is melatonin, which has free anti-radical action, that is, it prevents aging.
Are there prior care? When to start treating?
The ideal is to take care of the skin at all ages, in addition to following the changes in its characteristics with a trained professional, who will notice them and adjust the treatments according to the need. The woman’s skin goes through an oily and acneic phase in adolescence, then tends to spots and flaccidity in adulthood until dryness and loss of elasticity in menopause and menopause. It is important that women are always attentive to changes. Skin care, such as proper cleaning, use of the filter and the use of serums and moisturizers should start from the age of 20.